Properties and Benefits of Green Beans: Green beans (or string beans) are among the most versatile vegetables in the world. They can be boiled, steamed, fried, grilled, used in casseroles, soups, salads or pasta. They are a great source of vitamins A, C and K and important dietary minerals. They are available fresh, canned, frozen and you can successfully grow them in your home garden. They are also quite a figure-friendly vegetable, low in calories and high in dietary fiber to lower our fats absorption.
Regular consumption contributes to better vision and improves immunity as a result of the vitamin A and vitamin C content of the beans. Moreover, eating green beans helps prevent hemorrhage and easy brusing and contributes to good energy levels. The vegetable contributes to regulating intestinal transit, preventing anemia and improving blood pressure. Even children are unlikely to refuse them, which is great news seen that they boast so many health benefits.
Green beans (or string beans) are in fact common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) that have not yet reached maturity. They are usually picked as soon as they turn green because that’s when they are tenderest and easiest to cook. Let me tell you a secret: if you feel green beans taste a bit stringy, then they are too old. Generally, green beans are low in calories, approximately 31 kcal/100 g (131 kj/100 g), and they don’t have any saturated fats. In addition to this, they have numerous vitamins, minerals as well as important phytochemicals.
Most importantly, green beans are a rich source of dietary fiber which helps keep our colon healthy by reducing its exposure to waste (or by regulating bowel movements). Moreover, dietary fiber is important because it helps lower blood cholesterol levels by reducing the amount of fats our intestines absorb following digestion.
As always, moderation is the key, so make sure you have a reasonable intake of fiber as dietary fiber also binds to the nutrients from food, reducing our vitamin and minerals intake as well and exposing us to the risk of developing nutrient deficiencies.
Aside from this, green beans are rich in vitamin A and an excellent source of flavonoids (natural substances with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects) as well as carotenoids such as lutein and beta-carotene. These compounds play a crucial role in slowing down the aging process and preventing several diseases. Vitamin A, lutein and beta-carotene also contribute to better eyesight and protect the retina from radiation from sunlight.
Above, you will find the nutritional value for 100 g of green beans. As you can see, green beans are an excellent source of folic acid. Folic acid and vitamin B12 are essential components in the process of DNA synthesis and cell division. Moreover, folic acid is crucial during pregnancy because it prevents a series of birth defects called neural tube defects that affect the brain and the spinal cord.
Green beans also have vitamin B6, thiamine (or vitamin B1) and vitamin C. As you may already know, vitamin C boosts your immune system and is the biggest ally in the fight against the infamous free radicals. Ladies, pay attention: vitamin C is essential for the production of collagen which, I am sure you know, is responsibe for the youthful appearance of the skin. In addition to this, green beans contain minerals such as iron, calcium, magnesium, potassium and manganese.
Basically, manganese is a mineral that plays a key-role in the fight against free radicals. Potassium maintains our body’s regular fluid levels and regulates our blood pressure by neutralizing the effects of an exaggerated sodium intake. It also helps prevent water retention and its side effects.
And here’s something you might find interesting: you may refer to green beans both as vegetables and legumes. Legume refers to Leguminosae (or Fabaceae), a family of plants whose fruit is trapped within a pod. All things considered, green beans are not only healthy, but also delicious. But remember, it is best to eat with moderation and a bit of everything so you may get the best of all nature has to offer us.