Properties and Benefits of Paprika: Dating back to the late 1800s, paprika is a culinary and cultural relic left behind following the Ottoman rule over major parts of Europe. This spice made from both sweet and hot peppers (Capsicum annuum) is a great source of exquisite flavor with a high nutritional profile. However, peppers and spicy foods in general do not agree well with stomach disorders, so anyone suffering from gastritis, ulcers or acid reflux should avoid them.
What is paprika and how is it made? Paprika is a bright red spice made by either air-drying and grinding peppers or by drying, smoking and grinding peppers into an incredibly fine and savory powder. Both sweet and hot Capsicum annuum peppers are used. Paprika was used extensively during the Ottoman rule and pervaded the culinary culture of most of the countries or regions found for even brief historical moments under the authority of the once great empire.
What does paprika look like? Well, as mentioned above, paprika is a fine powder ranging in color from bright to deep, dark red, even reddish brown. What does paprika taste like? Paprika flavor ranges from mildly sweet to mildly hot and various other degrees of unbearable spiciness. The real spice should be quite flavorful, especially if smoked. The difference between sweet and spicy paprika is that in the making of sweet paprika, sweeter pepper varieties are used, but usually without adding too many seeds. Hot paprika contains the entire pepper, skin and pulp and seeds. What is paprika good for?
Here is a list of the top 8 nutrition facts and health benefits of paprika:
1) Rich source of vitamin B6. Paprika is a rich source of vitamin B6, or pyridoxine. Vitamin B6 increases the amount of oxygen transported to cells in tissues and organs, especially during more intense physical activity, resulting in better resistance to physical effort. Moreover, it helps break down carbohydrates and synthesize glycogen, thus ensuring good energy levels. A good intake of vitamin B6 can efficiently prevent tiredness, lethargy and even depression episodes.
2) Reduces inflammation, swelling and pain. Paprika boasts excellent anti-inflammatory properties which is why it helps relieve swelling and pain associated with inflammatory and even autoimmune disorders. For instance, arthritis sufferers often use paprika both internally (as food seasoning) and externally (massage cream or poultice) to stimulate circulation and reduce painful swelling. The biologically active component responsible for these health benefits in paprika is capsaicin.
3) Impressive blood pressure-lowering effects. Capsaicin is a powerful natural compound found in paprika which was shown to have blood pressure lowering effects. Regular but moderate consumption is said to beneficially affect the circulatory system, relaxing blood vessels.
4) Helps protect and improve eyesight. The bright red color of paprika indicates the presence of potent natural compounds called carotenoids. Studies show that paprika is an incredibly rich source of zeaxanthin, a carotenoid with both antioxidant and vitamin A activity. Zeaxanthin is physically found in the center of the retina, in an area called the macula lutea and regular consumption of foods containing it, paprika especially, is believed to offer protection against cataract and macular degeneration (loss of central vision). Basically, zeaxanthin offers antioxidant protection and support to cone cells, a form of eye cells responsible for sharp, clear vision and color distinction. Paprika also contains great amounts of vitamin A proper and lutein.
5) Stimulates digestion. Apparently, eating paprika stimulates the production of saliva and gastric acid, two essential components of good digestion. Both saliva and gastric acid help break down food in view of good nutrient absorption and energy production. However, the spice is not recommended for gastritis or acid reflux sufferers because it may worsen symptoms (see foods to eat and to avoid for acid reflux).
6) Excellent laxative properties. Only 100 g of paprika provides us with a staggering 34.9 g of dietary fiber. Although it is not advised to eat great amounts of the spice at once, especially if hot, regular consumption of either paprika or bell peppers for example can contribute to a better management of constipation by adding fiber to your diet (see 7 easy tricks to relieve constipation).
7) Helps prevent hair loss. Paprika appears to counteract hair loss. The good amounts of iron in paprika help oxygen reach hair follicles, while other compounds stimulate scalp circulation, thus promoting hair and scalp health and reducing hair loss.
8) Improves sleep quality. As mentioned above, paprika boasts great beneficial effects on the nervous system. One of these is supporting the production of melatonin, also known as the sleep hormone. Melatonin regulates sleep cycles, ensuring quality sleep and improving various sleep disorders.
Conclusion. Overall, paprika is a healthy spice with a variety of amazing health benefits, provided it is consumed with moderation. I admit it ranks high among my favorite spices and I kind of prefer sweet paprika over hot paprika, as my gastritis and acid reflux problems do not allow me to indulge in any type of spicy food. How often do you use paprika?