Open sesame we say at the beginning of this article as we prepare ourselves to unravel the wonderful properties of the 3,000 year-old sesame seeds. Sesamum indicum, as it is best known within the scientific community, is an incredibly rich source of minerals such as calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese and phosphorus. In addition to this, sesame seeds contain two unique substances with a great positive impact on our health, sesamin and sesamolin, as well as Omega-6 fatty acids.
Even more, the seeds contain good amounts of protein and phytosterols, both with wonderful health effects. For example, a sufficient intake of protein helps build muscle, combat mood swings and reduce brain fog, while phytosterols have benefits for blood cholesterol levels. Overall, sesame seeds are without a doubt one of the healthiest foods in the world. These plain seeds usually found on bagels and buns boast an outstanding nutritional value as well as provide several great health benefits, on the condition they are consumed with moderation, as part of an overall balanced and varied diet. But what makes sesame seeds so healthy? Let’s see.
1) First of all, they contain sesaminand sesamolin, two important phenols with beneficial effects on human health. Sesamin and sesamolin can be found both in sesame seeds and in sesame oil and are believed to help cure a variety of medical conditions. For instance, they help lower cholesterol levels and high blood pressure. Animal studies suggest that they can increase the absorption of vitamin E as well. More recent studies show that sesamin can protect the liver against free radical damage.
2) Sesame seeds are an incredibly rich source of copper. As a mineral of dietary importance, copper provides relief for people suffering from rheumatoid arthritis. Being a powerful anti-inflammatory (and antioxidant), it helps reduce swelling and pain symptoms associated with the condition. Moreover, it supports the activity of an enzyme called lysyl oxidase, which is responsible for collagen and elastin functionality. This basically means that the enzyme provides structure, strength and elasticity to blood vessels, joints, ligaments, skin and bones. 100 g of fresh sesame seeds provide about 435% of the recommended daily intake of copper.
3) Sesame seeds provide generous amounts of other minerals as well. Iron (182%) is recommended against anemia. Manganese (107%) has powerful antioxidant properties. Calcium (98%) helps strengthen bones. Magnesium (88%) not only supports the activity of muscles such as the heart, but also increases calcium absorption. Sesame seeds are a great source of zinc (70%), a mineral which stimulates immunity and helps reduce the severity of infections. I’d say sesame seeds are pretty amazing!
4) Other important nutrients found in sesame seeds include thiamine (vitamin B1), pyridoxine (vitamin B6), niacin (vitamin B3) and folate (vitamin B9). All of these B vitamins help the body metabolize carbohydrates, fats and proteins and convert them into energy. If you want to find out more about the functions of vitamins and minerals, about the best food sources of all of these nutrients and how you can identify any vitamin or mineral deficiency, see vitamins and minerals page.
5) Sesame seeds are also a good source of phytosterols, natural plant compounds famous for lowering cholesterol blood levels. The chemical structure of phytosterols resembles that of cholesterol. However, the former can actually reduce cholesterol, and thus prevent associated cardiovascular problems such as hypertension and atherosclerosis, improve the immune system’s response and possibly prevent some forms of cancer. For these reasons it is vital that we include in our diet fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds, especially sesame seeds.
6) Last but not least, sesame seeds are rich in fiber. 100 g of dried sesame seeds contain about 11.8 g of fiber, while 100 g of roasted and toasted sesame seeds about 14 g of fiber. What are the benefits of eating fiber-rich foods? First of all, dietary fiber helps lower cholesterol levels by preventing the intestinal absorption of fats.
Also, because it helps improve transit time and increase the frequency of bowel movements, it is believed that fiber can reduce the risk of developing colon cancer. Nuts, seeds and cereals are by far the best sources of dietary fiber. If you are struggling with constipation try to introduce almonds, hazelnuts, sunflower seeds and sesame seeds into your diet. Overall, sesame seeds are a great source of minerals, vitamins and fiber. They help lower cholesterol levels and prevent heart disease.
Sesame seed oil is rich in Omega-6 fatty acids which are essential for the good functioning of the nervous system and hold benefits for skin, hair and digestive system. Sesame flour is a great source of protein, as are sesame seeds (25% protein). Even more, they boast powerful antioxidant properties. Whether you prefer them roasted, toasted or dried, on a bagel or in a salad, sesame seeds should be part of you diet.
They bring such wonderful health benefits that it would be a shame not to take advantage of their high nutritional value. And here is something interesting: did you know that sesame seeds grow in a pod? And did you know that crops are so resilient that they can withstand both drought and excess water and can easily adapt to many soil types? Lastly, know that they are one of the most common food allergens, so if you have never eaten sesame seeds, oil or any sesame products before, it might be best to test for allergies first.